It belongs to one of three marsupial families native to the Americas. Opossum. Cur­rently, Vir­ginia opos­sums can … The opossum is a successful scavenger, thanks to its adaptability and excellent immune system. It is also found in Mexico, Central America and in British Columbia, Canada. Carrion and insects are usually the principal foods, but fruits, berries and grains, green vegetation, earthworms, and fungi may also be important (Hamilton 1958, McManus 1974, Gardner 1982). Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made) The Virginia Opossum had entered Washington by 1941 by deliberate introduction from the eastern U.S, migration from introduced populations in Oregon, or both. Up to half of this, however, is often in their thin, fleshy tails alone. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is the only marsupial native to North America. Great Smoky Mountains National Park : Found throughout most of the park and along the Foothills Parkway, although they decrease in abundance at the higher elevations. In fact, it is the only marsupial found north of Mexico. Sign up for Virginia is for Lovers Emails now! Below, explore facts about the Virginia opossum including its habits and how to identify damage. Whether fair or not, Virginia Opossums are often characterized by a long face, that many people consider to resemble a big, ugly “grin. However, it is extremely common for Americans to colloquially use the word “possum” when referring to an opossum. And they often prefer to “play possum” in stressful situations and hope the problem goes away, rather than confront it head-on. Summary 6 The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), commonly known as the North American opossum, is the only marsupial found in North America north of Mexico.In the United States it is typically referred to simply as a possum.A solitary and nocturnal animal about the size of a domestic cat, and thus the largest opossum, it is a successful opportunist. Virginia opossums have extended their range northward Most Virginia opossums have white cheek hairs. Virginia opossums are about the size of a large house cat. Body length ranges from 38 to 51 cm with males occupying the larger end of the spectrum. It is now common in the Puget Trough from the Columbia River to the Canadian border. Males are relatively larger than females (McManus 1974). Plus exclusive offers, deals, packages and more! Range mass: 0.3 to 6.4 kg. The red dots show Professor Myers' oppossum road kill documentation for 1980-2006. The Virginia opossum occurs from southern Canada to northern Costa Rica. But only it, the porcupine, and the armadillo survive today. The Virginia opossum is the only member of the Order Marsupialia (pouched animals) found in Connecticut. Vir­ginia opos­sums (Didel­phis vir­gini­ana) have a wide range through­out Cen­tral and North Amer­i­can, which con­tin­ues to ex­pand. The animal lives in a wide range of habitats, … The marsupials are also recently spreading into Canada. Cold is a factor in their distribution, and things are getting warmer. Common Name:Virginia opossum, North American opossum The family Didelphidae originated in the Cretaceous and today is most diverse in South America. Virginia opossums have robust bodies and short legs with sharp claws. Didelphis virginiana was the last South American mammal to disperse into temperate North America during the Great American Biotic Interchange. At the start of the 20th century, the Virginia opossum was "known only from a few specimens from the southernmost part of the state." According to the DNR, opossums mate between January and May, and females may … Weight ranges from 1.9 to 2.8 kg The Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is a medium-sized animal with long, rather coarse fur; a sharp slender muzzle; prominent, thin, naked ears; short legs all about the same length; and a long grasping tail covered with scales and scant hairs.Opossums are in the family Marsupialia, which comes from a Latin word meaning "pouch" and refers to the pouch on the belly of … The Central American Woolly Opossum is a medium-sized marsupial of the rainforests of Central America and northwestern South America. Virginia opossum, (Didelphis virginiana), the only marsupial (family Didelphidae, subfamily Didelphinae) found north of Mexico. ... the Virginia opossum, successfully invaded the United States despite the cold winters and physical barriers to range expansion. Adults usually weigh between 6 and 13 pounds, and their bodies, from nose-tip to tail-tip, are between 2 and 3 feet long. Males are larger than females, weighing 0.8 to 6.4 kg, while females weigh 0.3 to 3.7 kg. About 600,000 years ago to present Range. They range from southern Canada to northern Costa Rica with some populations found in California presumably brought there by travelers as a food source during the depression. That creature, the Virginia opossum, ranges across much of the eastern United States, as well as California. So, it is uncommon for opossums to fall prey to these large predators. An interesting exception appears to be the Virginia opossum, an abundant mammal across their range, which is immune to the venom of this rattlesnake. It can use its tail to hang from tree branches, and it has paws with opposable "thumbs." The word opossum was first used to describe the Virginia Opossum by early British colonists around 1610-ish. The only place in the U.S. where the opossum is not found is in the upper northwest. Virginia Opossum: Didelphis virginiana: Washington Ground Squirrel: Spermophilus washingtoni: Water Shrew: Sorex palustris: Western Gray Squirrel: Sciurus griseus: Western Harvest Mouse: Reithrodontomys megalotis: Western Jumping Mouse: Zapus princeps: Western Pipistrelle: Pipistrellus hesperus: White-tailed Deer: Odocoileus virginianus The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is Canada’s only marsupial. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), commonly known as the North American opossum, is the only marsupial found north of Mexico. (The distribution map in Wikipedia, BTW, is wrong– you can’t trust Wikipedia!) The Virginia opossum’s northernmost range reaches into Southern and Southeastern Ontario, Southern Quebec and the lower Fraser Valley in British Columbia. Their tail makes up between 216 and 470 mm of this length. There are more than 70 species of opossum in the Western Hemisphere, but only one in North America. Opossums have been expanding their range northward during historical times, and now reach to at least northern Wisconsin. These marsupials are great climbers. With 50 teeth and an appetite for nearly anything organic, the opossum has become one of the most common backyard animals. The Virginia opossum’s range was once limited to the southeastern part of the US, but they now live in a much larger territory, including all but the northernmost part of Minnesota. Virginia opossums can vary considerably in size, with larger specimens found to the north of the opossum's range and smaller specimens in the tropics. The southern opossum is a species that lives primarily in Mexico, while the Virginia opossum is found primarily on the eastern United States, though its habitat is expanding with humans. Its binomial name, Didelphis virginiana, refers to the animal being “two-wombed” and hailing from an area that includ… Find out why Virginia is for Lovers. Range Map Specific Habitat Requirements. Learn everything you need to know about opossum facts, behavior and habitat. It also occurs along the entire coast. They measure 13–37 in (35–94 cm) long from their snout to the base of the tail, with the tail adding another 8.5–19 in (21.6–47 cm). Posted by: Jeanne Christie A common mammal species throughout the Eastern and Midwestern US, the Virginia Opossum is the only marsupial to live North of Mexico. ... Opossum vs possum, the marsupial range map! All of Wisconsin is considered prime habitat for the opossum. Habitat The Virginia opossum lives in a wide-variety of habitats … During this time opossums were limited to the southernmost part of the Lower Peninsula, with just one record in the western Upper Peninsula. Range and Distribution The Virginia opossum is the only native marsupial present in North America north of Mexico, and it occurs from southern Ontario and British Columbia, Canada, through much of the United States and Mexico to northwestern Costa Rica. However, besides North America, possums are also found in Central America and along the Pacific Coast. Their total length varies between 350 and 940 mm. The Virginia opossum ranges north and south from New York to Florida. The USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) publishes a set of the most commonly used topographic maps of the U.S. called US Topo that are separated into rectangular quadrants that are printed at 22.75"x29" or larger. Their underfur is usually whitish and tipped in black, but their coloration varies throughout their range. Many people confuse the spelling of the Virginia opossum with another Australian native, the possum. Opossums range from Costa Rica north through Mexico and the central and eastern half of the United States to southeastern Canada. Opossums are slow. The red dots on the map show documented opossum collecting locations dating from 1889 to 1979. They range east and west from the Atlantic coast to the Midwest and down through Texas and into Mexico (Lyon 1936). Virginia opossums live in most parts of the United States that are east of the Rocky Mountains, and along the west coast from British Columbia in Canada and to Baja California. Middle Pleistocene to Holocene Epochs; late Irvingtonian to present land mammal age 2. Age Range 1. In that sense, Virginia opossums (Didelphis virginiana) are perfectly suited for life in the city.They avoid unwanted attention by foraging primarily at night. Campbell County is covered by the following US Topo Map … They have long, hairless, prehensile tails and feet with an opposable hallux (or thumb) that help them hold on to branches. A marsupial is an animal with a pouch. Males are usually larger and heavier than females. In comparison to other opossums, it is rather cute, with a thick coat of fur, gray in color with extensive reddish or … Of the 100+ opossum species in the world, the most common and recognizable in the United States is the Virginia opossum. The Virginia opossum ranges in color from a light gray in the north to a dark gray in the southern part of the range. It is also found in Mexico and Central America. Opossums are cat-sized mammals with a pointed snout, grayish fur, small ears, and a long, scaly tail. US Topo Maps covering Campbell County, VA. In the wild, these snakes eat primarily small mammals, especially cotton rats and cottontail rabbits, as well as some birds. The Virginia opossum can be found in most of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains and on the West Coast. It is present throughout North Caro-lina. 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